The IPCC has warned that global warming will increase from 2030 in the current climate, with global temperatures expected to rise by 1.5 to 2 degrees Celsius only after 2050. It has been reported that this will lead to various disasters and the number of storms will continue to increase.
It is also predicted that by 2040 the average temperature of the Earth will increase by 1.5 percent. But it is predicted that this 1.5 percent temperature will return to normal by 2100 if the nations of the world make a concerted effort to maintain the climate.
Especially in South Asia, high temperatures, natural disasters, wildfires, storms, floods, etc. will become commonplace in this century. Due to the freezing of the Himalayan glaciers, the flow of rivers will increase in the coming decades. Glacier eruptions and avalanches are more common in the Himalayan states.
Sea level is expected to rise to a minimum of 55 cm and a maximum of 76 cm. This has posed a major threat to coastal cities like Chennai and Mumbai. The temperature of the Indian Ocean has risen to an all-time high.
What is IPCC? Its function ..
The Multinational Governments Committee on Climate Change is a group of scientists. This IPCC The organization was created in 1988 by the United Nations Environment Program and the World Meteorological Organization. Its purpose is to provide scientific information to the nations of the world to develop a policy on climate change.
Reports produced and published by the IPCC are an important tool for discussions on climate change internationally. The organization currently has 195 member countries. This system does not carry out any arbitrary inspections. The team sets up and studies studies conducted by scientists in various countries and publishes reports on the causes, impacts, future risks, prevention and mitigation measures for climate change.
Countries that are members of the United Nations and the World Meteorological Organization will submit the names of their climate scientists. From this list, the IPCC leadership will select a specific number of scientists and assign a task force to them. IPCC The organization is divided into three working groups and one working group.
The first task force explores the basics of the physics of climate change. The second task force examines the impact mitigation and impact of climate change and the third task force adapts to climate change adaptation. The main objective of the Working Group is to study and eliminate greenhouse gases.
Based on this, the IPCC has so far prepared and published 5 Assessment Reports.
First Assessment Report (FAR)
This first assessment report, published in 1990, provided a broad overview of the science behind climate change. The report also discussed the sources and uncertainties of global warming.
Second Assessment Report (SAR)
A second assessment report, released in 1995, suggested that human activities may also be responsible for the clearly defined global climate change.
Third Assessment Report (TAR)
The third report, released in 2001, presented new and strong evidence that human activity was responsible for global warming over the past 50 years.
Fourth Assessment Report (AR4)
The 2007 report stated that global warming was undoubtedly based on observations of global average air and sea temperature rise, glacier melting, and rising seawater levels.
Also Read- City Temperature Rises From Yesterday
Fifth Assessment Report (AR5)
The 2014 report confirmed the impact of human activity on the climate system on all continents and oceans, with only 95% of humans contributing to global warming.
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